Terrorism and Countering Terrorism (incl. FTFs as sleepers)
Whilst the threat from ISIL and Al Qaeda has diminished since the destruction of the Islamic Caliphate in Syria and Iraq, Isil’s defeat has left thousands of Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF’s) in captivity in the Middle East and -Stan countries, with many more yet unaccounted for.
How much of a long-term threat do these unaccounted for and incarcerated FTF’s pose as they are released or escape and use the THB networks to infiltrate back into their countries of origin. And how many have already made their way back to their home country without being picked up by the local criminal justice system. The UN mandated adoption of API and PNR, in combination with the more widespread use of watchlists, will be a key factor in countering the movement of FTF’s.