As greater resources are put into stemming the flow of migrants and combatting human trafficking activity in other parts of the Mediterranean, the Portuguese Algarve coastline is increasingly being seen by illegal immigrants, especially those transiting through Morocco, as a gateway to the European continent, and this trend continues to rise.

According to a report in The Portugal News: with its geographical location and historical connections to Latin America, the Director of the National Unit to Combat Drug Trafficking at the Polícia Judiciária warned that Portugal continues to be a gateway to Europe via it’s maritime and air borders, for the transit of significant quantities of cocaine produced in Latin America.

When the first trans-Atlantic narco semi-submersible carrying approximately three tons of cocaine, was seized off the coast of Spain back in 2019, it became clear that with its 1,794 km of west facing Atlantic coastline, that Portugal as well as Spain are the prime targets for these types of trafficking operations.

In the wider world, climate change will mean that subsistence farming communities and populations depending on grazing animals for their living, in the marginal environments of West Asia and Africa, will find it increasingly difficult simply to survive, and starvation will set large numbers of people on the move, and they will be heading for the prosperous temperate Northern hemisphere.

It is entirely possible that in the coming years we will see people on the move in unprecedented numbers, that could make the 2015 migrant crisis simply seem like a dress rehearsal for what was to come.

The World Border Security Congress is a high level three day event that will once again discuss and debate current and future policies, implementation issues and challenges as well as new and developing technologies that contribute towards safe and secure border and migration management.

050427-N-1825E-084 Persian Gulf (April 27, 2005) – Coast Guardsmen aboard U.S Coast Guard Cutter Monomoy (WPB 1326) wave good-bye to the guided missile cruiser USS Antietam (CG 74) after the first underway fuel replenishment (UNREP) between a U.S. Navy cruiser and a U.S. Coast Guard Cutter. Antietam completed fuel replenishment with the Monomoy in about two hours and saved the 110-foot patrol boat a four-hour trip to the nearest refueling station. Antietam and Monomoy are conducting maritime security operations (MSO) in the Persian Gulf as part of Commander, Task Force Five Eight CTF-58). U.S. Navy photo by Journalist Seaman Joseph Ebalo (RELEASED)