Dr Kaitlin Ball

Dr Kaitlin Ball

  • Adviser, Human Rights and New Technologies
  • OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE ODIHR)

Dr Kaitlin Ball works for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE ODIHR) in the Human Rights Department as an Adviser on Human Rights and New Technologies. As the inaugural holder of this post, Dr Ball has been responsible for designing ODIHR’s work on new technologies, with a specific focus on leveraging the OSCE’s comprehensive concept of security to mainstream human rights in the governance of artificial intelligence technologies used by law enforcement. She is a member of Frontex’s Fundamental Rights Guidance Board for Frontex’s European Travel Information and Authorisation System (ETIAS) software. She holds a PhD in Politics and International Studies from the University of Cambridge, and is a licensed American attorney.


  • IT/Tech at the Border as an Enabler/Threat – Cybercrime / AI

    The mandated use of API/PNR data will make travel much safer and ultimately easier. But, the more people and organisations that hold and share our personal data, the more vulnerable we all become to cyber-crime, both as individuals and as organisations. Systems using API/PNR data are and will be a target for cyber criminals. The more personal data we hold and the more we rely on data systems as enablers at the border, the more vulnerable we are malicious cyber-attacks, whether for financial gain such as ransomware attacks, identity fraud or simply to disruption of the regular flow of traffic at the border. Does this threat increase exponentially with the advent of AI or is AI the answer to protecting ourselves and our systems? Can AI be utilised to generated alerts, red flags on travellers?